THIS WEEK IN MODERN TEXAS HISTORY: June 2-June 8

Bond elections and go road issues and World War II news headline some of what was happening this week in modern Texas history.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This post will be updated throughout the week with new items. As we return to a regular posting schedule for This Week in Modern Texas History, we will, as in the past, include about seven years from across Texas history for each week’s post. 

1919

Seventy-two well locations were reported in Wilbarger, Eastland, and Young Counties on the 200,000 acre Waggoner lease of Home Oil and Refining Company in Willbarger County the first week of June, 2019. A well, the Wright Well, near Pleasant Grove Church foru and a half miles northeast of Eastland, was making in excess of 200 barrels per day, 3,325 feet on top of the oil sand, and would be drilled on as soon as pope line connections are complete.[1]

Deputy Sheriff Carlos Sparsea and gamblers Domingo Trezino and Pedro Zapeda were shot to death early on the morning of June 2 by unknown bandits who raided a gambling game two miles from San Benito. Money and valuables were taken.[2]

Air Planes from Taliaferro Field in Fort Worth were to be in Bohnam from 8:30 a.m June 2 before flying to Paris in Lamar County and returning to Fort Worth. The plane crew was accompanied by a “young lady delivering [Fort Worth] Star-Telegrams, and Bonham will become the first town in this state to have newspaper delivered by air,” the Bonham Daily Favorite noted. The purpose of the trip was air service recruitment; the first volunteers for the service would have a chance to ride back to Fort Worth in the plane.[3]

Six cases of typhoid were reported at Brenham. “The situation is serious and if we are to avoid a terrible epidemic the entire citizenship must immediately get busy and take every possible precaution toward preventing the spread of this dead disease.”[4]

Obstructions had been removed from the Wilson Well in the northeastern corner of Palo Pinto County near the Parker County line. The well was reported to be flowing some oil.[5]

The Troop Ship Finland brought home the 143rd Texas Regiment late Saturday night, early Sunday morning. The regiment was taken to Camp Stewart and was being deloused, along with other sanitary treatment measures. The group included 94 officers and 3,104 men. “It was scorching hot, and the tramp to the camp was a test of real endurance, but every man in the unit reached the camp in splendid conditions.”[6]

Department of Justice officers from Beaumont were aided by Jefferson County Sheriff’s Deputies as they raided a liquor carrier in orange allegedly operating boats across the Sabine River from Louisiana.[7]

Brazos County proposed an order for an election for a 15-cent maintenance tax for improved roads. A petition to call for the election was circulated the prior week AS soon as the petition is returned with all necessary signatures, the election will be called. The proposition will generate a million and a half dollars for good roads.[8]

Bexar County voters approved $1.5 million in bonds for better roads and highways, 3,567-386.[9]

1944

Congressman R. E. Thomason

Austin L. Peay was named head of the city schools of Bartlett following the resignation of Claude H. Thompson. Peay previously served as elementary school principal and high school principal and coach in Junction, as a coach in Lorena. He also served as superintendent for schools in Hewitt, and was a San Antonio High School graduate.[10]

The National Housing Agency approved 25 a program providing for 50 war housing accommodations for incoming workers engaged in the petroleum industry in Reagan and Upton Counties. A total of 43 privately financed new family dwellings and conversion of five other buildings was slated as part of the program.[11]

Congressman R.E. Thomason announced he was seeking re-election to the Sixteenth District of Texas in the U.S. Congress.[12]

2nd Lt. A1 K. Brown, formerly of Deport and Milton but born in Avery, was killed in action over Romania May 5. He was a 1932 graduate of Paris High School.[13]

The Blanton Grain Company in Carrollton completed a new elevator with a 40,000 bushel capacity.[14]

LaMarr Bailey

LaMarr Baily announced for congress after 22 months of military service.[15] Lou Hatter entered the race for state senate from District 1, including Gainesville.[16]

On June 7, the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals ruled that the chiropractic care act passed by the previous session of the Texas legislature was unconstitutional. The case was in its third time before the state’s high criminal court.[17]

On June 9, 1944, the publisher of the Panhandle Herald purchased control of First National Bank of Panhandle.[18]

On June 2, 1944, the Mineola Chamber of Commerce was founded.[19]

 

 

 

NOTES:

[1] Abilene Daily Reporter, Monday, June 2, 1919, p. 2.

[2] Bonham Daily Favorite, Monday June 2, 1919, p. 1.

[3] ibid

[4] “Brenham Has Six Cases of Typhoid Every Precaution Should Be Taken,” Benham Daily Banner Press, June 2, 1919, p. 1.

[5] “Wilson Well Producing Oil,” The Daily Herald, Vol. 20, No. 121, Monday, June 2, 1919.

[6] “143rd Texas Regiment Back Home,” Houston Post Vol. 35, No. 9 June 9, 1919, p. 1.

[7] “100 qt 2000 pints contraband,” Houston Post Vol. 35, No. 9 June 9, 1919.

[8] Houston Post, June 2, 2019, p. 3

[9] “BEXAR COUNTY FOR GOOD ROADS,” The Palestine Daily Herald, June 2, 1919, p1.

[10] “Austin L. Peay New Head of City Schools,” The Bartlett Tribune, Friday, June 2, 1944, Vol. 57 No. 36, p.1

[11] “NHA Approves New Houses Here Program for 25,” The Big Lake Wildcat, June 2, 1944, Vol. 8, No. 31.

[12] “Thomason Asking Re-Election for Congress Office,” The Big Lake Wildcat, June 2, 1944, Vol. 8, No. 31.

[13] “Former Deport Boy Killed in Action Over Romania,” The Bogata News, Friday, June 2, 1944, Vol. XXXIII, No. 32.

[14] “Blanton Grain Company Completes New Modern 40,000 Bushel Capacity Elevator,” The Carrollton Chronicle (Carrollton, Tex.), Vol. 40, No. 30, Ed. 1 Friday, June 2, 1944

[15] “Lemarr Bailey in Race for Congress,” Claude News, Friday, June 2, 1944, Vol. 53, No. 40.

[16] “Lou Hatter Enters Race For State Senate Post,” The Clifton Record (Clifton, Tex.), Vol. 50, No. 16, Ed. 1 Friday, June 2, 1944

[17] The Daily Sun (Goose Creek, Tex.), Vol. 26, No. 311, Ed. 1 Wednesday, June 7, 1944

[18] Panhandle Press, June 9, 1944, p. 1.

[19] “Ray Neill Elected As First President Friday Evening,” The Sunday Record, Vol. 15, No. 10 Sunday June 4, 1944, p. 1.

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Vince Leibowitz

Publisher & Editor at Contemporary Texas History
Vince Leibowitz is a journalist, author, and historian. He is the Publisher and Editor of Contemporary Texas History.

He lives in Colorado County, Texas with his two dogs, Lyndon "Puppy" and Senfronia.

He serves on the Colorado County Historical Commission and as Managing Editor of The Colorado County Citizen.

He recently secured a Texas Historical Marker for Etta Moten Barnett. the first black woman to sing solo in the White House. In April, 2019, he was named South Texas Press Association Journalist of the Year for Division I.
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